Volleyball Techniques

Basic Offensive Volleyball Techniques

In order to improve your skills as a good volleyball player, you need to have an understanding of some of the basic volleyball techniques that are used in the game.  From that basic understanding, you can improve and refine your techniques by developing a personal style.  This article will outline some of the offensive fundamentals of the game.

Serving - One of the most important volleyball techniques that you will need to know to become a good player is how to serve the ball.  There are several methods you may use to serve, depending on your personal preference.  To hit the ball overhead, you will want to first make sure that your feet are shoulder length apart with the foot of the hand you hit with slightly forward.  For example, if you are right-handed, your right foot will be slightly forward.  Toss the ball into the air with your non-dominant hand high enough so that you can take a step and hit the ball.  Step forward with your foot that is slightly back, and hit the ball with your dominant hand.  If you are using proper technique, you will appear almost as if you are holding a bow and arrow, with your non-dominant hand extended in front of you after releasing the ball and your dominant hand back by your head and ear ready to hit the ball.

Passing - In order to move the ball to the other side of the net, the ball should be passed to another player, who will “set” the ball for the third player in the series who will hit the ball over the net.  To complete a pass, the legs should be bent with the feet placed where the ball is going to come.  Square your feet and hips toward where you want the ball to go.  Your hands should be clasped together in front of you with your arms straight.  You will hit the ball with your forearms, and the angle of your arms will determine where the ball will go.  Then let the ball do the rest.  You do not need to swing your arms to complete a pass, since the ball has enough velocity on its own, and swinging your arms will affect your aim.  The goal of a good pass is to get it as near to the net as possible while keeping it on your own side of the net.

Setting - Once the ball is passed, you need to set the ball to allow someone else to hit it over to the other side.  To set the ball, put your hands up above your head with your elbows out.  Position yourself directly in line with the path of the ball, and make contact with the ball with both hands evenly, pushing the volleyball up into the air toward its intended recipient.

Hitting - Being an effective hitter is largely about timing and placement.  This is one of the most highly sought after volleyball techniques, and you will need to practice it to perfect it.  You want to be a few steps back away from the net so that you can adjust to the set.  After the setter sets the ball, you will take those few steps up to the net to get a good jump on the ball.  Use your arms to gain momentum in your jump, and hit the ball with your hand when the ball is as high as possible to avoid a block from the other team.  If you snap your wrist as you hit the ball, you will also give it enough spin to ensure that it will travel downward and not float out of bounds on the other side.

Start out practicing these fundamental volleyball techniques.  Once you master these techniques, you can start to adjust them for your own preferences and become a great volleyball player.