Uses Of Sodium



What You May Not Know About the Uses of Sodium

Many people may not know about the uses of sodium.  Actually, some people may not know what sodium is.  This is a metallic element and it is a highly reactive metal.  It was first isolated by Sir Humphry Davy in 1806.  This element is soluble in water and it is found in oceans and other bodies of water on Earth.  It is very important for animal life and some plants.

Sodium was produced chemically in 1855 when it was mixed with carbon.  This created sodium carbonate which is also known as soda ash.  This is known as the Deville process.  Today, sodium is produced in a Downs Cell through a process that was patented in 1924.  Numerous uses of sodium have developed over the years.  We are going to look at several of them now.

Sodium is used by the body in order to regulate blood and body fluids.  If the body is lacking this mineral the person can become sick and have muscle cramps.  He or she may also feel dizzy or even have diarrhea.  The kidneys ability to retain water will also be affected by this.  There are several foods that will provide the body with the sodium that it needs.  These things include ordinary table salt, prepared meat, dairy products, eggs, tuna, salmon, canned food, fruits, vegetables, and different pastas.  On the contrary, if the body has too much sodium the person may have hypertension or heart problems.

Sodium is used in certain alloys in order to make their structure better.  It is also used in soap as it is mixed with fatty acids.  These soaps are harder than soaps that are made with potassium.  Uses of sodium also include begin used in order to make the surfaces of metals smoother and to make molten metals more pure.  Sodium chloride is common salt and it is the most important compound involving sodium.

The largest use for sodium is the synthesis of this metal into tetraethyl lead which is used to make gas for you vehicles.  This accounts for approximately 60% of the sodium production in the United States.  Uses of sodium also include the breaking down of animal and vegetable oils into long-chain fatty acid alcohols.  These are used to make detergent.  Sodium chloride also has uses within the food industry other than cooking.  It is often used for curing fish, packing meat, curing animal hides, making freezing mixtures and also for canning and making preservatives.  Sodium sulfate is known as salt cake.  This is used to help make flat glass.  Sodium can be used in sodium vapor lamps as a way to make light from electricity.

Other uses of sodium include sodium azide and it is used to control weeds and prevent fruit from rotting.  It can also be used in serum samples to help keep bacteria from growing.  Sodium benzoate is used as an antifungal agent and it can also be used as a diagnostic aid when conducting liver function tests.  Sodium bicarbonate is found in many households as this is general baking soda.  It can be used to remove mucus.  This form of sodium reduces stomach acid and can make your urine less acidic.  It can be used as an antacid in treating indigestion, heartburn, and other stomach problems.  This is used in the rubber and plastic industries as well as a blowing agent.  Using this as a deodorizer also has its benefits. You can use it in the refrigerator and on carpets.   Finally, Sodium iodide is often used to treat extensive ringworm.