Types Of Warrants
Facts about Three Types of Warrants
Thanks to action shows on television, just about everyone has heard the phrase “I have a warrant for your arrest”; but there are other types of warrants that one may encounter in life. When giving speeches, providing arguments or simply expressing beliefs, one will inevitably be utilizing a warrant to achieve their purpose.
Warrants, as defined by Webster, are something that gives an individual authorization to do something. They can also be analyzed as the catalyst that links information to a claim to create confidence in an idea on a psychological level. There are three basic types of warrants that cover a wide variety of statements and oaths that are used in everyday life. These three types are:
- Authoritative warrants
- Motivational warrants
- Substantive warrants
On any given day, an individual is likely to find himself using authoritative warrants. This is a type of speech that will be based on the trustworthiness of another source. For example, to say that a brand of soup is the best soup available on the market doesn’t carry a great deal of weight to the listener on its own. However, to add that a survey had been conducted by Consumer Reports with the results showing an overwhelming number of people rated that brand of soup as the best on the market lends credence to the statement and tends to sway the listener toward that same vein of thought. This type of statement is called an authoritative warrant, meaning that there is an authority that warrants it to be true. Because the listener has faith in the source of the information, he will be more likely to believe that source.
Likewise, when listening to the local newscast at the end of the day, or to one of the many infomercials that are broadcast, it is quite probable that motivations warrants will be heard. Obesity, for example, is a major hot topic in today’s society. More Americans are overweight at this time than ever before in history, resulting in an influx of a variety of ailments, diseases and disorders. Many products have been invented or devised toward reversing this trend; more often than not carrying the simple purpose of obtaining your hard earned money. However, it is not usually the product itself that is the selling tool; it is the motivational speeches that are adamantly and passionately given by a well known celebrity that convinces the audience they must own the product. You may hear: “Americans must lose weight so they can spend more quality time with their children”, or “I was able to keep my job after learning the secret to losing weight and gaining my confidence”, or “Having a homebased business allows Americans to cut back on work and spend more time with their families”. These types of statements offer a claim while at the same time giving support of the claim.
Substantive warrants offer a cause and an effect. This may also be heard often on local and national newscasts when discussing issues such as pollution, gun control, terrorism and other large topics. If an individual states unequivocally that companies that produce damaging pollution should be financially penalized by the government, the warrant implies that pollution causes harm. The effect of this cause would be the monetary penalty imposed. These arguments are based on what the listening audience would deem to be logical.
All three of these basic types of warrants are utilized in everyday situations by almost every person. Quite often, people are unaware there is even a name for it; they wish only to achieve a purpose such as stating their beliefs or opinions.