The Secrets of creating an Oak Bonsai
Creating an oak bonsai on your own can be as fun as it is creative. The secret is a proper training technique and the proper tree. Oak is probably one of the more common choices as they are hardy and have great poise and beauty. Bonsai creators also use juniper or another cone bearing evergreen because of their beauty but the oak is easily assessable and tolerates almost all types of weather-from below zero to mild summers to relatively dry areas.
Because the oak used for bonsai can survive in partial shade as well as full sun and though they prefer wet soil but can thrive in moist or dry soil, as well as any type of soil makes them perfect for the ancient art form. With either the white or English oak bonsai you will want to do any necessary trimming and/or pruning in the winter or early spring. Only dead or damaged areas should be touched at any other time as this type of pruning enhances the tree.
In the wild the English oak can grow over 100 feet tall. When trained, though, and in spite of the fact that it grows so quickly, it can be molded into a very beautiful bonsai leafing out in the summer and even producing miniature fruit and acorns.
Before you begin your oak bonsai creation consider a pot that will be sure to give your tree plenty of room to grow. As these trees will get tall, and even though you do not want them to get too tall, they will need space. Also plant just a little off center so that the end result will be the desired effect-tree canopy spreading to one side, etc.
Use a good potting soil here in the beginning so it will have the best advantage with proper nutrients as this is a critical point in the trees development. The pot also needs to contain a soil medium (crushed rock/fine chopped wood) that will help drain any excess water as oak bonsai can easily be over water resulting in its death. Another good feature about this tree is it can stand over watering more than most other bonsai choices.
The oak bonsai’s first pruning should take place at this time, just keeping in mind the final shape you are working toward. Do this by evaluating your trees natural growth in order to envision its ideal shape. Wire can be used at this point to better form the shape you are working for and the roots will need to be pruned. This is necessary for the process of containing the tree in the pot. Prune the roots so that they are a little longer than the branches.
Outside of the miniature fruit and acorns another lovely feature about the oak bonsai is a tree whose leaves will change colors throughout the year according to each season beginning with grey and ending in a fire red in the fall.
The oak bonsai are somewhat more susceptible to disease in the summer or insect activity on the whole, though with proper soil, water drainage and good care your tree will not only look amazing but will give you many years of pleasure.