Effects Of Overpopulation

The Effects Of Overpopulation On The World

For a long time, it may have been believed that the earth was large enough to offer an unlimited amount of resources but in the past decade, the effects of overpopulation have begun to be felt everywhere.  The world only has enough available resources to sustain a limited number of people.  It can be safely concluded that overpopulation directly affects poverty levels and also has an effect on the quality of life, the environment, animals and politics.



Overpopulation And The Economy

The effects of overpopulation are absolutely felt on today's economy.  When countries become overpopulated, it is hard for them to feed their own dwellers let alone have extra food to sell to other countries.  This contributes to governments relying on foreign debt to save people from starving.  Everyday, 40,000 children die due to malnutrition and related diseases and approximately 150 million children at any given time in the world are suffering from poor health because of food shortages.  Water supply is another concern and creating fresh water is expensive.

Additionally, when countries become overpopulated, the unemployment rate rises because there are not enough jobs available to support the population.  This not only elevates the number of homeless people that there are, it also raises crime levels because people need to steal to survive.

Overpopulation And Politics

The effects of overpopulation are also felt in politics.  With the economy stretched as far as it can go, it is easy to anticipate civil wars being fought over farmland.  The governments of overpopulated countries continuously fall into increasing debt until they cannot dig themselves out of the holes that are created and will be taken over by other more powerful and wealthier countries.

Overpopulation And The Environment

The biggest area that the effects of overpopulation are felt are with environmental issues.  Every person takes up space which is taking away from space that is needed for forests and farmlands.  People carelessly excrete pollution and wastes that flows into the water systems.  In return, this pollutes the water, flows into animal habitats and results in destroyed wildlife.  In many areas, people cannot even brush their teeth or bathe because the water of their land is so dangerous.

Everyday, forests are destroyed to support the ever-growing population.  The most devastating effects of population are felt by the loss of these forests which are leading to the extinction of more animals and plants.  Some of these plants could even contain cures for deadly diseases but they will never be found.

The expansion of urban areas pollutes not only the water system but the air as well which depletes the Earth's resources.  The United States and China put together use 51 percent of the Earth's fossil fuels which leaves less than half for the rest of the world to share.

Pollution is a huge concern.  As more people throw trash away, use electricity, drive cars and tear down trees, environmental concerns are increased.  Pollution is substantially magnified in developing nations so as these nations become richer, pollution increases which ultimately decreases their nation's overall health.


Can The Effects Of Overpopulation Be Solved?

The world cannot get back the forests and farmlands that are being destroyed, nor can the air tomorrow be as clean as it was yesterday however, if everyone does their part, some of the negative effects can at least be minimized.

It is imperative that every individual make the effort to recycle and choose to purchase products that are depleting the rainforests or harming the environment.  It is also interesting to note that for every animal raised for the sole purpose of slaughtering, they are taking up valuable farmland and resources that could be used for food instead.  America is the only nation that bases their diet and lifestyle around animal byproducts including food, shoes, apparel and personal hygiene products.

The population's growth rate also needs to be curbed.  Incentives could be offered in the form of tax cuts to families that have less children, not more and people need to be educated on the importance of birth control to help maintain a lower population.