Chess Techniques

Beginner’s Guide to Chess Techniques and Movements

Probably the minute you see the words chess techniques, you begin thinking this article will be a bunch of boring chess chatter flying right over your head. Well, in this case, you would be wrong. With a focus on the word beginner, this simple guide to common chess techniques is easy to understand and will introduce you to the game of chess.

The Game of Chess - Basics
Chess is a strategy board game played by two players. Each side has the same 16 pieces – one side is black, the other is white. The chess pieces include: 8 Pawns, 2 Knights, 2 Bishops, 2 Rooks, 1 Queen and 1 King.

To start the game, the pieces are placed in the last two rows on each side of the chess board. The 8 pawns are lined up in the second to last row, in front of the other pieces. The king and queen go in the middle of the last row. On each side of the king and queen pieces are the bishop, then the knight, and then the rook. The queen will always go on a square that matches its color, and the 2 opposing queens face each other across the chess board. The kings also face each other, but they are placed on the square that is opposite of their own color.

The Game of Chess – Moving
Every chess piece has rules for the way it can be moved around the board. During the game, players move their pieces over the board and capture their opponent’s pieces along the way to the ultimate goal of capturing the king.

-The Pawn
Pawns can only move forward and can only move 1 square at a time with 1 exception. On its opening move, the pawn can be moved 1 or 2 squares. The only time a pawn moves diagonally is during capture, when they can take the pieces on either side of the square directly ahead of them.

-The Rook
Rooks move both horizontally (either right or left) or vertically (forward or backward). A rook cannot jump over any other piece, so they can move as far as they want as long as no other piece blocks their way.

-The Knight
Knights move 3 spaces on their turns, and they can move in 1 of 2 different ways:

> 1 square up or back and then 2 squares to the left or right, or
> 1 square right or left and then 2 squares up or back.

The knight is the only chess piece that can leap over other pieces.

-The Bishop
Bishops move diagonally, and they can move as many spaces as they want as long as there are no other pieces in the way. Bishops cannot leap other pieces.

-The King
The king can move in any direction on the board, but it can only move one square at a time. The king cannot jump other pieces.


-The Queen
The queen is the most powerful piece on the chess board, and it can move wherever it wants, in whatever direction it wants and however many squares it wants. The only thing the queen cannot do is jump over other pieces.

The Game of Chess – Techniques and Object
Chess is a strategy game that involves thinking and planning before, during and after each move. The object of the game of chess is to capture the opponent’s king. When a king is in a position to be captured, the king is in “check.” If it is possible for the king to escape being captured on the next turn, then the game goes on. If the king cannot get out of the check position, then it is “checkmate” and the game is over.